The contact between two worlds and the coexistence of different cultures and traditions always generate some kind of exchange and also accelerate the emergence of new ideas artistic, philosophical or ideological movements. The language is a set of expression and communication systems subject to the experience of reality, situations, goals and groups of speakers, it is also affected by this phenomenon. Good examples of the cultural interference between languages are Spanglish and Llanito, result of fake ray bans the contact between English and Spanish.

The first one, also called ingañol, espanglish, espanglés, espangleis or espanglis, is typical of the Castilian-speaking communities in some states of the USA, like Florida, Georgia, Texas, California or New York. This phenomen can be observed as well in Mexico and several Central American countries, due to the population movements and the influence of the media. The second one, which has adopted the name of Llanito (demonym synonymous with Gibraltarian) is habitually used by the inhabitants of Gibraltar and their descendants in other parts of the United Kingdom.

“Spanglish” and “Llanito” are a mixture of English and Spanish. They are forms of jargon that resemble pidgin, type of speech characterized by combining syntactic, phonetic and morphological features of one language with lexical units of another. Its main characteristics are: incorporation of English terms transformed in accordance with the rules of Spanish (e.g.: nailon, performans), creation of words out of the English terms (parquear – from Eng. park; atachar – ray bans sale from Eng. attach), code-mixing and code-switching, i.e., usage of sentences that are combination of two languages (e.g.: I’m sorry I cannot attend this meeting porque tengo otro compromiso en Nueva York) and confusion of the false friends (e.g.: vacumear la carpeta – from Eng. vacuum the carpet; carpeta in traditional Spanish means folder).

These hybrid languages are not in official use, they are in the colloquial use. However, there are generations that use Spanglish or Llanito as thier day-to-day speach, abandoning the Spanish language in its traditional form. There are also authors who write in pure Spanglish, among its most famous exponents are Puerto Ricans Giannina Braschi and Ana Lydia Vega.

The Royal Spanish Academy still does not treat them as languages. University professors are opposed to their development and they stress the need to separate English and Spanish at the time of speaking. Fearing the disintegration of Spanish, they reject Spanglish and Llanito as inconsistent even among its practitioners. They indicate that the two phenomenons correspond to an immediate thought which sometimes affects the clarity of the message, makes the statement opaque, betrays haste and ignorance. Finally, they say that these are evidences of degradation of the language.

Nevertheless, the emergence of such forms of communication is involuntary. They appear because it’s easier to express something in one language than in another or because the speakers do not know some Spanish words and replace them with English words. After all, every language serves to communicate, that’s why always the most effective form wins and not necessarily the most correct one. The linguistic change is a permanent and inevitable phenomenon of all languages at all times. No language is pure and consolidated, nor has reached its final form. The only law that governs all the world’s languages is a change (gradual but inexorable and permanent.). None of the languages can avoid this rule. Actually, Castilian was born of the mixture of Vulgar Latin and of the other Iberian languages. Castilian language (during the centuries of the evolution) was under the influence of Arabic contributions, European contributions, American contributions and even some Asian contributions. Like it or not, the language will continue to evolve and we cannot do anything to stop this process.

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Although numerous studies have been devoted to bilingualism, relatively few have focused on the phenomenon of the pidgin languages. Philologists, theorists and historians of these languages tend to ignore them and prefer to focus on the primary languages. This is especially surprising since there are many forms of pidgin used daily in the world, particularly in ethnically diverse areas.

Pidgin is considered to be a very basic and simplified form of speech, an auxiliary and contact language, which means it is used for communication between different cultures and speakers of mutually unintelligible languages and custom jerseys dialects.
The term ‘pidgin’ originally referred to Chinese Pidgin English, a variety of English spoken by the Chinese and British as a trade language. With the passage of time, the term became generalized and now refers to any kind of simplified, combined language. The origin of the name itself is not clear. It probably derives from the Cantonese pronunciation of the English word business or from the English word pigeon, thereby referring to the hockey jerseys use of birds for carrying messages.

Although pidgin languages are simple, they are neither broken nor inconsistent. They are based on evolved rules, making them easy to understand and learn, even if they sometimes sound a bit bizarre. The structure of pidgin languages is reduced and as uncomplicated as possible. They are tonally and grammatically simplified, so they usually lack the notion of gender, inflection, conjugation, declination, agreement, syntactic complexity, etc. Their vocabulary is simplified and they use Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses separate words to indicate tenses; for example: one boy go, two boy go tomorrow, three boy go yesterday.

There are numerous factors that can influence the formation of pidgin languages, most importantly migration, immigration, slavery and insufficient education. They are formed by combining or modifying of words and concepts from at least two existing languages. In most cases, they are derived from the language of the group that controls a territory, such as colonizers (Spanish, English, French, Portuguese, German, Russian, etc.), or of the group that predominates in a vast area (like Arabian, Swahili and Zulu). The creation of pidgin languages is conditioned by lengthy and regular contact between the different language communities, which provokes necessity of communication between them and an absence of a widespread, accessible interlanguage.

Pidgin languages are not native languages of any speech community, but rather learned as a second language in every instance. They are usually used by immigrants in their new place of residence or carry the status of lingua franca in multilinguistic zones. They arose in response to the need for communication, making it possible to converse without translators, but they cannot serve as a long-term solution because they do not allow for the expression of complex concepts. That is why pidgin languages disappear. As time passes and the pidgin-speaking community evolves, pidgin loses its prestige and usefulness, dies out or evolves into a Creole language.
Pidgin languages are often viewed as incomplete, broken, corrupt and of low prestige. Many linguists treat them as unworthy of serious attention, while others consider them evidence of linguistic and mental deficit. That is why they are so poorly studied. Nonetheless, the registration of various processes related to the phenomenon of their creation – acquisition, primarization, piginization, creolization, decreolization, etc. – can provide us with a wide range of information on the evolution of language in general. Moreover, they can be extremely relevant in tense situations when it is difficult to find a translator, which still applies today in a world that seems smaller and smaller.

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